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ACCORD D'ABUJA



Date: 19 août 1995

Depuis 1989, la guerre civile fait rage de façon presque ininterrompue au Liberia. Le 19 août 1995, les principales factions en lutte s'entendent sur un accord qui amènera la formation d'un gouvernement transitoire. Un Conseil d'État est créé pour diriger le pays jusqu'à ce que des élections démocratiques aient lieu. La violence reprendra toutefois rapidement.

Sélection et mise en page par l'équipe de Perspective monde


Abuja Accord

This Agreement amends and supplements the Cotonou Accord, the Akosombo Agreement and its Accra Clarification.

Part I Military Issues

Section A, Article I

Ceasefire

The Parties to this Agreement hereby declare a ceasefire and the cessation of hostilities effective at 12 o'clock midnight August 26th, 1995.

Section K, Article 12

Schedule of Implementation

The Parties hereby agree to abide by the schedule of implementation attached to the Agreement on the Clarification of the Akosombo Agreement with such modifications in terms of dates as are required by virtue of the delay in the implementation of the said Agreement.

Part II Political Issues

Section A

Executive

i) The Parties agree that during the transitional period leading to the inauguration of an elected government, the executive powers of the Republic of Liberia shall be vested in a sixmember Council of State to be composed as follows:

a) NPFL - Mr. Charles Ghankay Taylor

b) ULIMO - LTG. Alhaji G. V. Kromah

c) Coalition - Dr. George E. S. Boley, Sr.

d) LNC - Oscar Jaryee Quiah

e) Chief Tamba Tailor

f) Mr. Wilton Sankawulo

ii) The Chairman of the Council shall be Mr. Wilton Sankawulo. All other members of the Council shall be Vice-Chairmen of equal status. In case of permanent incapacitation a new Chairman shall be appointed within the ECOWAS framework.

iii) The Parties hereby agree that the allocation of Ministries, Public Corporations and Autonomous Agencies agreed by the Parties in Cotonou, Benin on November 3-5, 1993 shall be maintained. The Parties however, agree that the allocations for the erstwhile IGNU shall revert to LPC/COALITION. LTG Hezekiah Bowen, Francois Massaquoi, Thomas Woewiyu, Laveli Supuwood and Samuel Dokie shall be given ministerial or other senior Government positions.

ULIMO-J shall occupy the following positions:

Ministries

1. Minister of State for Presidential Affairs

2. Minister of Transport

3. Minister of Rural Development

4. Minister of State without Portfolio

Public Corporations/ Autonomous Agencies

1. National Bank

2. Corporate Development Agencies (CDA)

3. Agricultural Industrial Training Board (AIIB)

4. Forestry Development Authority (FDA)

Deputy Ministers

1. Ministry of Post and Telecommunications

2. Ministry of Justice

3. Ministry of Education

4. Ministry of Information

Deputy Managing Directors/ Deputy Directors General

1. Nicol-National Insurance Corporation of Liberia

2. National Housing Authority (NHA)

3. Liberia Water and Sewage Corporation (LWSC)

4. National Housing and Savings Bank (NHSB)

5. Fire Service

6. General Auditing (GA)

7. Institute of Public Administration (IPA)

8. National Food Assistance Agency

Section C, Article 15

Elections Modalities

1. The operations of the Elections Commission shall be monitored by ECOWAS, OAU and the UN.

Section D, Article 16

Tenure and Mandate of the Transitional Government

1. The Transitional Government hereby established shall be installed within 14 days after the signing of this Agreement.

2. The Transitional Government shall have a life span of approximately twelve (12) months commencing from the date of its installation.

3. Holders of positions within the Transitional Government as defined by the Cotonou Accord who wish to contest the election provided for under the Schedule of Implementation shall vacate office three months before the date of elections. They shall be replaced by their nominees or by persons nominated by the parties represented in the Council of State.

4. The Chairman of the Council of State shall be ineligible to contest the first Presidential and Parliamentary elections to be held pursuant to this Agreement.

Section G, Article 8

Peace Enforcement Powers

1. Enforcement of violations of ceasefire shall be in accordance with the terms of the Cotonou Accord.

2. All provisions of the Cotonou and Akosombo Agreements as clarified by the Accra Agreement not herein amended shall remain in full force and effect.

Done at Abuja, Federal Republic of Nigeria, This 19th Day of August 1995

Charles Ghankay Taylor

Leader of the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL)

Ltg. Alhaji G. V. Kromah

National Chairman of the United Liberation Movement of Liberia for Democracy (ULIMO)

Dr. G. E. Saigbe Boley Sr.

Leader of the Liberia Council (LPC)

Ltg. J. Hezekiah Bowen

Armed Forces of Liberia

Major-General Roosevelt Johnson

United Liberation Movement of Liberia for Democracy (ULIMO-J)

Francois Massaquoi Lofa

Defence Force (LDF)

Jucontee Thomas Woewiyu

National Patriotic Front of Liberia Central Revolutionary Council (NPFL-CRC)

Chea Cheapoo

Liberia National Conference (LNC)

Witnessed By:

Dr. Obed Asamoah

For and on behalf of His Excellency Flt-Lt. Jerry John Rawlings, President of the Republic of Ghana and Chairman of ECOWAS

Chief Tom Ikimi

For and on behalf of His Excellency General Sani Abacha, Head of State, Commander-in - Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces

His Excellency President Canaan Banana

OAU Eminent Person in Liberia

His Excellency Anthony B. Nyakyi

UN Secretary-General's Special Representative to Liberia


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