CESSEZ-LE-FEU ENTRE LE GOUVERNEMENT DU SIERRA LEONE ET LE FRONT RÉVOLUTIONNAIRE UNI
Date: 10 novembre 2000
En juillet 1999, le gouvernement du Sierra Leone et le Front révolutionnaire uni s'entendent à Lomé sur un accord. Il vise à mettre fin à la guerre civile qui oppose ces deux protagonistes depuis plusieurs années. L'année suivante, les parties concluent une entente de cessez-le-feu, cette fois à Abuja, au Niger. Les dispositions sont les suivantes.
Sélection et mise en page par l'équipe de Perspective monde
Reaffirming their determination to establish sustainable peace, stability and security in Sierra Leone;
Also reaffirming their commitment to the Lome Peace Agreement of 7 July 1999 as the framework for the restoration of genuine and lasting peace to the country;
Desirous of adopting effective confidence-building measures so as to create a conducive environment for fresh application of the Lome Peace Agreement which constitutes the most appropriate framework for the resolution of the conflict in Sierra Leone;
Welcoming the emergence of a new leadership within the RUF and noting its stated commitment to work towards the restoration of peace to Sierra Leone
HEREBY AGREE AS FOLLOWS:
1.To declare and observe a cease-fire and to halt hostilities with effect from Friday 10th November 2000 starting at 23:59 hours.
2.The parties agree to refrain from committing any acts or carrying out any activities that might constitute or facilitate a violation of the cease-fire.
3.They agree that the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone shall supervise and monitor the cease-fire. The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone shall also investigate and report on any acts of cease-fire violation.
4.Both parties agree that UNAMSIL shall have full liberty to deploy its troops and other personnel throughout Sierra Leone including the diamond producing areas in the discharge of its responsibilities.
5.The parties undertake, with a view to restoring the authority of the Government throughout the entire territory of Sierra Leone, to ensure free movement of persons and goods, unimpeded movement of humanitarian agencies, and of refugees and displaced persons.
6.The RUF commits itself to the immediate return of all weapons, ammunitions and other equipment seized by the RUF.
7.The two parties agree to recommence immediately the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Programme.
8.The Government of Sierra Leone reaffirmed its commitment to accelerate the process of restructuring and training of the Sierra Leone armed forces open to all Sierra Leoneans eligible to enrol.
9.The following shall constitute a violation of this Agreement:
- all illegal importation of arms, ammunitions and other weapons of war;
- any attack by one of the parties against the positions of the other party before, during or after the deployment of UNAMSIL troops;
- laying of mines or incendiary devices after the entry into force of this Agreement, the refusal to disclose the existence of such mines or explosives and their location, and the deliberate refusal to cooperate by turning over the maps indicating such locations;
- harassment or attacks, hostage taking, and seizure of arms and equipment belonging to troops serving under the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone, or under the authority of the Government of Sierra Leone;
- obstructing the activities of the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone.
10.The ultimate objective the the present Agreement is to ensure a cease-fire and to bring an end to the hostilities. Consequently, the parties agree to undertake with the participation of the ECOWAS Committee of six of the Medication and Security Council on Sierra Leone and the United Nations, a review of the implementation of this Agreement, thirty (30) days after its entry into force, to evaluate the timeliness of commencing fresh application of the Lome Peace Agreement.