ANNONCE DE LA CRÉATION D'UN NOUVEL ÉTAT ALLEMAND
Date: 6 octobre 1949
Quelques mois après la proclamation d'une Constitution par le Conseil du peuple allemand (30 mai), un nouvel État voit le jour dans la zone qu'occupent les Soviétiques depuis 1945. Il portera le nom de République démocratique allemande (RDA) jusqu'à la réunification des deux Allemagnes, en 1990.
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The Main Administration for Information of the German Economic Commission makes the following announcement:
The Constitution of the German Democratic Republic, discussed by the widest circles throughout the entire German population, adopted by the German People's Council, confirmed by the Third German People's Congress, will be the basis of the impending establishment of state and government. When the German People's Council has passed a resolution next Friday to reconstitute itself as the Provisional People's Parliament, this truly historic decision will introduce a new phase in German post-war development: Germany leaves a status of occupation and enters the status of sovereignty.
Does this annul the Potsdam Agreement? No: it is now being fulfilled - because it was precisely the intention of the Potsdam Agreement to give back its independence to a democratic Germany. Thus on Friday the democratic Germany will take the first step towards the restoration of its sovereignty, independence, and freedom, while the undemocratic Germany at Bonn, the rump Germany of the war-mongers and the dividers (Spalter), of the Hitlerian armaments magnates and large estate owners, continues in the hopeless perspective of enduring occupation and economic dependence.
The members of the German People's Council, who were elected by secret ballot by over 2,000 delegates of the Third German People's Congress, have behind them the millions of affirmative votes of this year's elections for the People's Congress, and are thus backed by the broad majority of the population. When they assemble as the Provisional People's Parliament, the German people will know that their cause is in good hands. All further steps in the creation of state and government will follow automatically from the formation of the Provisional People's Parliament.
Under Article 92 of the Constitution the Minister President will be nominated by the strongest group (Fraktion) in the People's Parliament. He will form the government. Under this Article all parliamentary groups are to be represented in the government by Ministers or Under Secretaries of State in proportion to their strength.
Under Article 101 the President of the Republic will be elected by the People's Parliament and by the Länder Chamber in joint session. Article 93 lays it down that he will swear in the members of the government when they take up their offices.
The Länder Chamber is the representative body of the German Länder. Under Article 71 every Land will send to the Länder Chamber one delegate for every 500,000 inhabitants. These delegates will be elected by the Landtage in proportion to the strength of the group, according to Article 72.
The order of events in the process of the formation of government and state during this week and next will therefore be: formation of the People's Parliament and the Länder Chamber, election of the President of the State by both Chambers jointly, nomination of the Minister President and formation of the Cabinet, declaration of government policy and debate, and finally the vote of confidence.
The experience of everyday life proves to us that only active self-help can deliver us from calamity. The German people, too, have experienced this. They are about to free themselves from the national emergency by national self-help; they are on the path to independence, to freedom, and to peace.