RESOLUTION DE KHARTOUM
Date: 1 septembre 1967
Du 29 août au 1e septembre 1967, des représentants de pays arabes se réunissent à Khartoum, au Soudan. Plusieurs sujets sont discutés, dont la présence militaire égyptienne au Yémen et l'abandon du boycott pétrolier contre les pays occidentaux. Un volet important de la résolution est la position à adopter face à Israël, vainqueur de la guerre des Six jours en juin. Celle-ci se résume à trois «non» : à la paix, à la négociation et à la reconnaissance de l'État hébreu. Malgré ce ton ferme, la résolution de Khartoum, dont les tenants défendent l'idée d'une «solution politique» à la crise, est perçue par des observateurs occidentaux comme modérée. Dans le journal Le Monde du 3 et 4 septembre 1967, on peut lire à ce sujet : «Ce document est plus significatif par ses omissions que par son contenu. Il n'y est pas question de destruction de l'État sioniste, de lutte contre l'impérialisme, de guérilla ou de revanche».
Sélection et mise en page par l'équipe de Perspective monde
1. The conference has affirmed the unity of Arab ranks, the unity of joint action and the need for coordination and for the elimination of all differences. The Kings, Presidents and representatives of the other Arab Heads of State at the conference have affirmed their countries' stand by and implementation of the Arab Solidarity Charter which was signed at the third Arab summit conference in Casablanca.
2. The conference has agreed on the need to consolidate all efforts to eliminate the effects of the aggression on the basis that the occupied lands are Arab lands and that the burden of regaining these lands falls on all the Arab States.
3. The Arab Heads of State have agreed to unite their political efforts at the international and diplomatic level to eliminate the effects of the aggression and to ensure the withdrawal of the aggressive Israeli forces from the Arab lands which have been occupied since the aggression of June 5. This will be done within the framework of the main principles by which the Arab States abide, namely, no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it, and insistence on the rights of the Palestinian people in their own country.
4. The conference of Arab Ministers of Finance, Economy and Oil recommended that suspension of oil pumping be used as a weapon in the battle. However, after thoroughly studying the matter, the summit conference has come to the conclusion that the oil pumping can itself be used as a positive weapon, since oil is an Arab resource which can be used to strengthen the economy of the Arab States directly affected by the aggression, so that these States will be able to stand firm in the battle. The conference has, therefore, decided to resume the pumping of oil, since oil is a positive Arab resource that can be used in the service of Arab goals. It can contribute to the efforts to enable those Arab States which were exposed to the aggression and thereby lost economic resources to stand firm and eliminate the effects of the aggression. The oil-producing States have, in fact, participated in the efforts to enable the States affected by the aggression to stand firm in the face of any economic pressure.
5. The participants in the conference have approved the plan proposed by Kuwait to set up an Arab Economic and Social Development Fund on the basis of the recommendation of the Baghdad conference of Arab Ministers of Finance, Economy and Oil.
6. The participants have agreed on the need to adopt the necessary measures to strengthen military preparation to face all eventualities.
7. The conference has decided to expedite the elimination of foreign bases in the Arab States.