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Date: 31 octobre 2006

Favori dans les sondages, le président sortant, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, remporte une victoire éclatante en obtenant 61% des votes lors de l'élection présidentielle qui se déroule au Brésil le 29 octobre 2006. Il devra cependant composer avec une opposition majoritaire, tant à la Chambre basse qu'au Sénat. Selon ses dires, les priorités de Lula da Silva seront la croissance économique, la redistribution des revenus et une éducation de qualité.

Sélection et mise en page par l'équipe de Perspective monde

My friends,

On Sunday, we Brazilians gave a beautiful example of democracy in action. As the re-elected President I would like to thank the more than 120 million people who went to the polls and celebrated their most sacred democratic rite: the free and sovereign act of casting a vote.

Now, with the electoral contest having come to an end, what we all want is a victory for Brazil against our true adversaries: social injustice, inequality, and the various ills that still hold us back as a society. An election is not the end: it is only a beginning.

My colleague José Alencar and I achieved the kind of decisive victory that lends complete legitimacy to our role in exercising power, but it will not make Brazil's problems magically disappear. I want to reiterate that my second term of office will be devoted to development. Development with the redistribution of income, and with high-quality education. I ask all Brazilians to unite and support this proposal.

I've always been a man of dialogue, and once again I want to reach out in search of understanding and agreement. I call on all of Brazilian society - starting with political leaders, and the leaders of our social movements - to unite behind a shared agenda focused on issues of national importance. I make this sincere call as a president who has just won a clear victory at the polls - and one who has the support of the majority of state governors, and a solid base in the National Congress - but also as someone who knows that in order to act with the necessary speed it will be necessary to have the backing of wide sections of Brazilian society.

Nothing is going to change my ideas and convictions, and I know the same is true of my opponents. This diversity of positions enriches our democracy, but it must not prevent us from making progress with regard to major issues of national interest. It is necessary. for example, to make headway with important pieces of legislation that are already before the National Congress - such as the National Fund for Basic Education, which will provide a tenfold increase in financial resources for basic education; the Micro- and Small-Business Law, which will reduce taxes and red tape for entrepreneurs; and tax reform, which will make the tax system fairer and help secure balance between the states of the Brazilian federation. We need to be extremely responsible in discussing and voting on important reforms, starting with political reform. It is also necessary for regional forces to come together behind development projects which are already underway and which will bring progress to all the Brazilian states, such as the Rio de Janeiro Petrochemical Complex, the Pernambuco Refinery, the Ceará Steel Complex, the Trans-Northeast Railway, the 4,000-plus kilometres of gas pipelines linking the different regions of the country, the Madeira River hydroelectric plants, the BR101 highways in the South and Northeast, and the BR163.

We have just had one of the most transparent and democratic elections in our history - and it wasn't due to chance. It was due to the maturity of our institutions, the attitude of the candidates, and above all the actions and the vigilance of the Brazilian people. There was also another factor, which was both unprecedented and decisive: for the very first time Brazil had a presidential election without any kind of economic disruption, either before, during or after the voting. Stability is one of the conquests that we need to maintain and extend, but there are also other conquests that were in evidence during the election period.

Some people said the electoral contest would split Brazil in two, but that didn't happen. Nevertheless, the frank exposure of our problems showed that there still exist different and profoundly unequal Brazils, and demonstrated the need to act promptly in order to reduce these social and regional inequalities.

Brazil still owes an enormous debt to the poor. It also needs to overcome political backwardness, and has important ethical issues to discuss. I will do my utmost to accelerate the process of finding solutions to these problems, and to democratically encourage the legislature and the judiciary to do the same. I will remain committed to the investigation of all accusations of corruption, and to the handing out of exemplary punishments to the true culprits.

My friends,

I want to continue with the work of a government that integrates correct economic policy with a strong social sensibility, and combines efficient administration with appropriate political leadership. A government that continues reducing the inequalities between people and regions. A government that continues to consolidate Brazil's place as a sovereign nation in the global economic and political systems.

The necessary conditions are in place for us to grow more rapidly and extend our social policies - to increase employment, and to improve education, health, and public security. But we are going to do this while maintaining fiscal responsibility, and control over inflation. Only in this way will we really achieve long-term growth. Only in this way will we continue growing, generating jobs and redistributing income. Only in this way will we make Brazil the free and fair nation that we all dream of.

Thank you very much.

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