DÉMOCRATIE ET PAIX
Date: 24 mai 1966
Discours prononcé devant les travailleurs du vêtement par le secrétaire général des Nations unies, U Thant. Il résume les conditions qui, selon lui, sont requises pour faire avancer la démocratie.
Sélection et mise en page par l'équipe de Perspective monde
A successful democratic system requires a number of pre-conditions, most of them difficult in themselves to establish.
It requires popular acceptance of certain standards of behavior and certain common objectives.
It requires the active cooperation of the community for the common good.
It requires institutions which can ensure that those who obey the law will not become the victims of those who do not.
It requires mutual respect and a shared pride in the objectives and traditions of the community as a whole.
It requires the absence of any form of discrimination based on race, sex, belief, or opinion.
It requires the fully equal treatment of minorities.
It requires freedom of expressions and tolerance of diversity.
It requires especially from those who have power and influence, restraint and patience.
It requires a system of laws which are at the same time effective enough to ensure peace and justice and not restorative as to hamper enterprise or strangle opportunity.
It requires political vitality and broad popular participation.
It requires a constant reassertion of place, worth, and dignity of the individual.
In fact, it requires a combination of the highest human qualities with the most carefully developed institutions and traditions.
There is more than one road to democracy, and in choosing the road much will depend on where a nation is starting from.
Democracy is certainly not a system for the timid, the lazy, or the insecure!